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Sodium Soap Grease Definition

Sodium Soap Grease, which is very similar to domestic soap used for washing, were found to have higher melting points than calcium soaps. Greases based on sodium soaps were fundamental in the lubrication of steam engines and the early machinery of the industrial revolution. Sodium grease has an operating capability up to temperatures of approximately 110ºC and it became the foremost high temperature grease at the beginning of the 20th century. Unfortunately sodium greases have three significant weaknesses. They are water soluble like washing soap and also suffer from hardening in storage. Furthermore, due to the large fibre size of traditional sodium soaps, they do not contribute lubricity to the grease. This inadequacy results in poorer load carrying capabilities and means that a base oil of higher viscosity is needed to provide heavy duty properties. The use of sodium grease is declining rapidly, but occasional applications are still found in enclosed gears and couplings. 

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Sodium Soap Grease Applications

  1. Used mainly in automotive wheel bearings.
  2. Used in Chassis.
  3. Used in Axle joints.
  4. Used in Low-load.
  5. Used in Normal/low-speed bearings.
  6. Can be  mixed with  other greases  to produce  higher quality grease.

CHARACTERISTICS 

  1. High dropping points (typically 175°C).
  2. Operated at 121°C.
  3. Poor oxidative stability.
  4. High oil bleed.
  5. Poor water Resistance.
  6. Good shear stability and lubricity.
  7. Suffer from hardening in storage.
  8. Excellent protection against rust.
  9. High Temperature Strength: It is resistant to runoff, rust and oxidation at high temperatures.
  10. Protection Against Dust: Due to its fibrous structure, it effectively protects the equipment against dusty contaminants.
  11. Economic Lubrication: For medium and high speed, low-running bearings, provide the most economical and efficient lubrication.
  12. Superior Protection Performance: It protects the bearings due to the natural rust protection against rust.
NLGI NO 2
SOAP TYPE SODIUM
DRIPPING POINT , °C (LEAST) ASTM D 556 200
WORKED PENETRATION, 25°C, 60 IMPACT ASTM D 92 265-295
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