PARAFFIN, also known as liquid paraffin, paraffin oil or kerosene, is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid that is burned as a fuel. It is a mixture of different types of simple hydrocarbons, it is less volatile than gasoline and it boils at 302-527 degrees Fahrenheit. Paraffin can be extracted from coal, wood and oil shale, but it is primarily obtained from the distillation of petroleum, which was first distilled in 1807 by geologist Abraham Gesner. The cost of producing kerosene was high, however, when new sources of paraffin and cheaper methods of refining were later discovered, it lead to lower prices of the fuel. kerosene, when found in solid form, is called kerosene , while the liquid form is referred to as paraffin oil. kerosene is a mineral oil that comes in two forms, either heavy liquid paraffin oil or light liquid paraffin oil. kerosene is clean burning and maintains a high heat output.
Paraffin is a alkane hydrocarbon that has a variety of practical uses in industries such as medicine, agriculture and cosmetics. kerosene is widely used as fuel for jet engines and rockets and as fuel or a fuel component for diesel and tractor engines. In centuries past, before electricity was invented, kerosene was used in lamps and lanterns as the main source of lighting. Today, kerosene is the most widely used heating oil in home central heating systems in the UK and it is still used in less developed countries as the main fuel for cooking. kerosene is also used as a fuel in portable stoves during outdoor activities and mountaineering. kerosene can be used as a lubricant for machinery. Lubricants can help to extend the life of expensive machinery and equipment by reducing friction, binding and wear. kerosene can also be used as a coolant for electrical systems, as hydraulic fluid and as a solvent for greases and insecticides. kerosene also has medicinal properties. It is commonly used to treat dry skin, constipation, and eczema. kerosene wax is also used as a water-harvesting soil treatment to supply runoff water to dry areas, as an adhesive and as a water-proofing agent.
HJOIL is a big manufacturer and supplier of all kinds of Paraffin in all grades in Middle East.
TYPES OF BITUMENS WE PROVIDE
Fully Refined Paraffin WaxParaffin Wax is a solid substance derived from either one of Petroleum, Coal, or Shale. It constitutes of a mixture of Hydrocarbon molecules with anywhere between twenty and forty Carbon atoms.
Semi-Refined Paraffin WaxParaffin Wax is a solid substance derived from either one of Petroleum, Coal, or Shale. It constitutes of a mixture of Hydrocarbon molecules with anywhere between twenty and forty Carbon atoms. It has a very unreactive nature.
Liquid ParaffinLiquid paraffin or mineral oil is a transparent, colourless, odourless, or almost odourless, oily liquid composed of saturated hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. Liquid paraffin is a mixture of hydrocarbons. It is obtained through the petroleum distillation process. It is the clear, light fraction of the distillation process and it can be further purified. It is also known as adepsine oil, glymol, saxol and Vaseline oil. Liquid paraffin, also known as paraffinum liquidum, is a very highly refined mineral oil used in cosmetics and for medical purposes. The cosmetic or medicinal liquid paraffin should not be confused with the paraffin (or kerosene) used as a fuel. Liquid paraffin comes in two forms that should not be confused with each other. They each have many uses in multiple fields and industries. One form of liquid paraffin is a highly refined form of kerosene, which is used as fuel. The other is a very highly refined mineral oil that has various uses, such as in cosmetic and medicinal applications.
Normal ParaffinNormal paraffins (n-paraffins) are linear, aliphatic hydrocarbons of C9-C17 chain lengths that are usually separated from kerosene or gas oil fractions of crude oil using molecular sieves. High levels of midrange n-paraffins, suitable for producing linear alkylbenzene (LAB), are produced at a gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant that started production in Qatar in 2011. The major end use for n-paraffins is as a raw material for producing olefins or monochloroparaffins to manufacture LAB. Paraffin (or called kerosine) is a mixture of hydrocarbons; it usually consists of about 10 different hydrocarbons, each containing from 10 to 16 carbon atoms per molecule; the constituents include n-dodecane, alkyl benzenes, and naphthalene and its derivatives. Kerosine is less volatile than gasoline; it boils between about 140 and 320 C and have a relative density of 0.78 – 0.83. It is obtained from crude oil by distillation and is used as a fuel for heating and aircraft. Paraffins can be arranged either in straight chains (normal paraffins) or branched chains (isoparaffins). Most of the paraffin compounds in naturally occurring crude oils are normal paraffins, while isoparaffins are frequently produced in refinery processes. The normal paraffins are uniquely poor as motor fuels, while isoparaffins have good engine-combustion characteristics. Longer-chain paraffins are major constituents of waxes. Normal-Paraffins are produced from select kerosene and/or gasoil, feedstocks using molecular sieves extraction. After appropriate purification treatment of desulfurization, dearomatization, the n-paraffin stream is passed into the fractionation unit, then the desired carbon cuts are obtained. Normal paraffins are used as a solvent; a basic material in the manufacture of surfactants; in the manufacture of metalworking compounds, lube oil components, plasticizers and chloroparaffins; production of oils for aluminum cold rolling; catalyst carrier for olefin polimerization; raw materials for a wide range of applications.
Paraffin EmulsionParaffin emulsions, or, in more general terms, wax emulsions are products which enable the application of the excellent barrier and protective properties of waxes in a simple, economical manner. The ease of application of wax emulsions without the need to use heat and melt processes results in an increasingly wide range of applications in the industry and at home. The processed material doesn’t swell and maintains its durability for a long time. In producing of the emulsion paraffin, the foregoing emulsifier is admixed with paraffin in a warmed or molten condition. Paraffin Emulsion is a mixture of paraffin wax with the desired quantity of water to produce a stable and uniform paraffin emulsion of the desired concentration.
Paraffin Wax Price list