Chlorine (Calcium hypochlorite) Definition
Chlorine (Calcium hypochlorite) is an inorganic compound with formula Ca(ClO)2. It is the main active ingredient of commercial products called bleaching powder, chlorine powder, or chlorinated lime, used for water treatment and as a bleaching agents. This compound is relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach). It is a white solid, although commercial samples appear yellow. It strongly smells of chlorine, owing to its slow decomposition in moist air. It is not highly soluble in hard water, and is more preferably used in soft to medium-hard water. It has two forms: dry (anhydrous); and hydrated (hydrous).
1. Used in the development and manufacture of materials that make vehicles lighter.
2. Used in recycling aluminum beverage cans.
3. Used as a bleaching agent.
4. Appropriate for both drinking water and wastewater applications.
5. Used in kitchens to disinfect surfaces and equipment.
6. Other common uses include bathroom cleansers, household disinfectant sprays, algaecides, herbicides, and laundry detergents.
1. excellent stability.
2. Melting point : 100 °C(lit.)
3. Density : 2.35 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
4. storage temp: Store at RT.
5. Solubility: 200g/l (decomposition)
6. form : Tablets
7. Specific Gravity : 2.35
8. Color : White to off-white or faint green
9. Water Solubility : 200 g/L (20 ºC) (dec.)
10. Merck : 14,1674
11. Stability : Stability Strong oxidizer – contact with flammable material may lead to fire. Incompatible with water, reducing agents, combustible material, phenol.