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Mineral Spirits Definition

Mineral Spirits is a petroleum-derived clear liquid used as a common organic solvent in painting. A mixture of aliphatic, open-chain or alicyclic C7 to C12 hydrocarbons. The word “mineral” in “mineral spirits” or “mineral turpentine” is meant to distinguish it from distilled spirits (distilled directly from fermented grains and fruit) or from true turpentine (distilled tree resin). Mineral spirits are an inexpensive petroleum-based replacement for the vegetable-based turpentine. Odorless mineral spirits are mineral spirits that have been further refined to remove the more toxic aromatic compounds, and are recommended for applications such as oil painting, where humans have close contact with the solvent.

Mineral Spirits is also well known as White spirit(UK), mineral turpentine (AU/NZ), turpentine substitute, petroleum spirits, solvent naphtha (petroleum), Varsol, Stoddard solvent.

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white Spirit Applications

  1. Mineral spirits is a very powerful degreasing and cleansing agent for automobile and machinery part cleaning. The spirit eats away at oil and chemical grease and washes the part clean.
  2. Such spirits are even used to wash away dirt and grime from metallic objects and tools. Even dried paint, which accumulates on metal and thickens, can be dissolved and then washed off, on applying white spirit. This helps preserve the look and quality of the object, as opposed to scratching off the paint.
  3. They can be used as a solvent to erase mistakes made while painting.
  4. Wooden furniture which has been coated with a layer of lacquer, shellac or varnish, can be cleaned and polished with a small amount of mineral spirits. But first a small area of the furniture should be tested before complete use.
  5. It can be used to clean paint brushes, especially those used in heavy oils and paints.
  6. If sticky tape and price tags on glassware need to be removed, then dip a small ball of cotton in some mineral spirit and wipe off the sticker. Then rinse away the spirit.
  7. You can use white spirit on linoleum tiles to get rid of skid marks and scratches.
  8. Use white spirit to dissolve gum and other sticky resins, that are stuck to carpets or clothing.
  9. When combined with cutting oil, they are used as a lubricant for cutting threads.
  10. A Substitute for Turpentine (More Info) Painters and artists use solvents like turpentine, to thin out or dilute the thickness of paint, so it can be painted on canvas or surfaces easily. But turpentine has a very noxious odor and can cause breathing problems and nausea if inhaled repeatedly. Plus, turpentine is highly flammable and a potentially hazardous substance to have in an art studio. So a less harmful substance, which is not so toxic and less flammable, is white spirit or white spirit. It has the desired thinning effect and its odor is not so noxious. For those disturbed by a lingering chemical smell, white spirit come in odorless form, where the solvent is treated, such that it has no smell. As a paint thinner, it costs even less than turpentine.
  11. Used to dissolve oils and grease in laundry stains.
  12. Often used inside liquid-filled compasses and gauges.
  13. Can be used as an alternative to kerosene in portable stoves, since it is merely a light grade of kerosene.
  14. A major ingredient in some popular automotive fuel/oil additives.

There are types of mineral Spirits differ by their Characteristics like Low Aromatic White Spirit (LAWS or Solvent 402), high Aromatic White Spirit (HAWS or Solvent 403), Solvent 404, Solvent 406, Solvent 410

Solvent 402 CHARACTERISTICS

CHARACTERISTIC

RANGE of control

TEST Method

Sp. GR20˚c(kg/dm3)

≤0.790

ASTM D-4052

Flash point ˚c

≥40

ASTM D- 93

Pour point ˚c

≤-40

ASTM D -97

Kinematics viscosity @40˚c

≤2.54

ASTM D- 445

Mg koh /gr

≤0.02

ASTM D -664

100˚c /3h cu

1a

ASTM D- 130

Corrosive sulphur

≤0.02

ASTM D- 2622

Aromatic wt %

10≥

ASTM D -97

DISTILLATION RANGE

IBP to 760 torr ˚c

136

ASTM D- 86

5% to 760 torr ˚c

156

ASTM D- 86

30% to 760 torr˚c

173

ASTM D- 86

50% to 760 torr ˚c

183

ASTM D- 86

80% to 760 torr ˚c

209

ASTM D- 86

F B P  to 760 torr ˚c

245

ASTM D- 86

Solvent 403 CHARACTERISTICS

CHARACTERISTIC

RANGE of control

TEST Method

Sp. GR20˚c(kg/dm3)

≤0.788

ASTM D-4052

Flash point ˚c

≥40

ASTM D- 93

Pour point ˚c

≤-45

ASTM D -97

Kinematics viscosity @40˚c

≤2.54

ASTM D- 445

Mg koh /gr

≤0.02

ASTM D -664

100˚c /3h cu

1a

ASTM D- 130

Corrosive sulphur

≤0.02

ASTM D- 2622

Aromatic wt %

≥16

ASTM D -97

DISTILLATION RANGE

IBP to 760 torr ˚c

136

ASTM D- 86

5% to 760 torr ˚c

156

ASTM D- 86

30% to 760 torr˚c

173

ASTM D- 86

50% to 760 torr ˚c

183

ASTM D- 86

80% to 760 torr ˚c

209

ASTM D- 86

F B P  to 760 torr ˚c

245

ASTM D- 86

Comparison Table of Solvent 402 & 403

ANALYSIS

UNIT

LIMIT

LIMIT

TEST METHOD

Kind of solvent

-

403

402

-

Distillation range

°C 

152-198

142-198

Astm  D86

Density@ 15°C

Kg/m3

report

775(min)

Astm  D1298

Copper strip, 3hrs@100°c

-

1a

1a

Astm  D130

Flash point,tag (min)

°C 

38 

38 

Astm  D56

Color, saybolt (min)

-

21

25 

Astm  D156

Doctor test

-

   

Astm  D4952

Sulphur Total (max)

%wt 

  1. 2
  2. 1
 

Astm  D1266

Gum existent (max)

mg/100ml

5

5

Astm  D381

Aromatic content

%vol

45 (min)

20 (max)

Astm  D1319

Solvent 404 CHARACTERISTICS

CHARACTERISTICS

Unit

Limit

Test Method

DENSITY @ 15°C

Kg/m3

report

ASTMD 1298

  1. B.P

°C

60 min

ASTMD 86

10% Evaporated

°C

87 min

ASTMD 86

50% ‘‘

°C

82 min-108 max

ASTMD 86

90% ‘‘

°C

101 min-119 max

ASTMD 86

Dry Point

°C

114 min-143 max

ASTMD 86

Color Saybolt

-

25 min

ASTMD 156

Odour

-

Merchantable

-

Recovery

Vol%

98 min

ASTMD 86

Loss

Vol%

1.0 Max

ASTMD 86

Corrosion-3hrs @ 50°C

-

1a

ASTMD 130

Sulphur Total

Wt%

0.05 max

ASTMD 1266

Doctor Test

-

negative

ASTMD 4952

Aromatic Content

Vol%

7 max

ASTMD 1319

Solvent 406 CHARACTERISTICS

CHARACTERISTICS

Unit

Limit

Test Method

DENSITY @ 15°C

Kg/m3

report

ASTMD 1298

L.B.P

°C

62 min

ASTMD 86

10% Evaporated

°C

158 min

ASTMD 86

50% ‘‘

°C

63 min 71 max

ASTMD 86

90% ‘‘

°C

64 min 74 max

ASTMD 86

Dry Point

°C

80 max

ASTMD 86

Color Saybolt

-

25 min

ASTMD 156

Odour

-

Merchantable

-

Recovery

Vol%

98 min

ASTMD 86

Loss

Vol%

1Max

ASTMD 86

Corrosion-3 hrs @ 50°C

-

1a

ASTMD 130

Sulphur Total

Wt%

0.05 max

ASTMD 1266

Doctor Test

-

negative

ASTMD 4952

Aromatic Content

Vol%

7 max

ASTMD 1319

Solvent 410 CHARACTERISTICS

CHARACTERISTICS

RANGE of control

TEST Method

Sp. GR20˚c(kg/dm3)

≤0.788

ASTM D-4052

Flash point ˚c

≥40

ASTM D- 93

Pour point ˚c

≤-45

ASTM D -97

Kinematics viscosity @40˚c

≤2.54

ASTM D- 445

Mg koh /gr

≤0.02

ASTM D -664

100˚c /3h cu

1a

ASTM D- 130

Corrosive sulphur

≤0.02

ASTM D- 2622

Aromatic wt %

≥16

ASTM D -97

DISTILLATION RANGE

IBP to 760 torr ˚c

136

ASTM D- 86

5% to 760 torr ˚c

156

ASTM D- 86

30% to 760 torr˚c

173

ASTM D- 86

50% to 760 torr ˚c

183

ASTM D- 86

80% to 760 torr ˚c

209

ASTM D- 86

F B P  to 760 torr ˚c

245

ASTM D- 86

Comparison Table of solvent 404 & 406 & 410

TEST METHOD

LIMIT

LIMIT

LIMIT

UNIT

ANALYSIS

-

410

    406

404

-

Kind of solvent

Astm  D86

55-113

62-80

60-143

°C 

Distillation range

Astm  D1289

report

report

report

Kg/m۳

Density@ 15°C

Astm  D156

25 

25 

25 

-

Color, saybolt (min) 

Astm  D130

1a

1a

1a 

Copper strip 3hrs@50°c 

Astm  D4952

     

-

Doctor test

Astm  D1266

  1. 05
  2. 05
  3. 05
   

%wt 

SulphurTotal (max)

Astm  D1319

report

۷(max)

report

 %vol

Aromatic content

TYPES OF BITUMENS WE PROVIDE

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